Recidivism Rate of Former U.S. Prison Inmates
Recidivism is defined as the act of a person recommitting a crime after they had been released from prison. Usually, the term is used to indicate the percentage of released prisoners who are rearrested for a similar crime, particularly in coincidence with criminal behavior and substance abuse.
In 2017, the United States, reports and data indicated a massive 75% recidivism rate in the country in a span of only five years. This is from the data released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in the United States which published studies that indicated high rates of recidivism among released prisoners. A high number of approximately 404,638 prisoners in 30 states have undergone recidivism after their release from prison in 2005.
The 75% record of recidivism in the United States indicated that the authorities in the U.S. were not doing enough to prevent crime, which led to the rise of financial and human costs in the country. The estimated costs of recidivism for one state in over five years in expected to be around $16.7 billion.
The United States Bureau of Justice Statistics also indicated that within three years of release, an approximate percentage of over 67.8% of released prisoners were rearrested, along with 76.6% of released prisoners rearrested five years after their release. Prisoners with a percentage of over 56.7%, were arrested a year after their released.
In addition, the Bureau of Justice Statistics also mentioned a large number of rearrested property offenders, a massive 82.1% of released property offenders were arrested for a new crime, which was a lot higher compared to the 76.9% of rearrested drug offenders, 73.6% public order offenders and 71.3% violent offenders.
The data published by the Bureau of Justice Statistics also indicated that most of the arrested prisoners tend to be young with a high chance of returning back to prison within five years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, a massive 84% of released prisoners aging from 24 years or younger went back within five years.
Recidivism in California – official data