A Peek Inside The Dirty Industry Of Human Trafficking
Human trafficking has been impeding the economic well-being of the world. The dirty business already made as much as 32 billion dollars (in USD) each year, and the same number pops up repeatedly the year’s before and after. How does this industry affect people and the economy as a whole?
Definition of Human Trafficking
There are roughly 2.5 million people captured in the world wide web of human trafficking, according to the United Nations. This industry is mostly a transnational process were victims are recruited and transported into a different country. They are then exploited for work or commercial sexual exploitation. It impacts people of all backgrounds and each one is trafficked for a purpose.
Women and young girls are often trafficked for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitations. Men are typically trafficked into hard labor jobs. Meanwhile, children are trafficked into agriculture, fishing, and textile work.
Trafficking an individual is already considered as “sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age;” under U.S. law.
What Encourages People To Enter Business?
The foreseeable reason why people do human trafficking is high reward, low-risk dynamic they can get from it, making demand the main driver of this industry. Traffickers usually expect to make tons of money with less fear of punishment from the law. There are only minimal risks that prevent traffickers from buying and selling a trafficked individual.
It is already given that there are distressing effects on the physical, emotional, and mental health of the victims of human trafficking. Women, in particular, suffer extreme levels of stress like grief, distrust, shame and suicidal thoughts. However, it is heartbreaking to hear that this industry is a big business and there are more than 24.9 victims worldwide.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) data shows that this business has been growing massively since a decade ago with $44 billion. This year it is estimated to hit $150 billion. To break it down, $8 billion is saved by households that hire domestic workers under forced labor, $9 billion in agriculture, $34 billion from manufacturing industries, and $99 billion from sexual exploitation.
Human trafficking also badly affects the economy by the huge loss of domestic jobs. Loss of remittances is the biggest problem on third world countries because trafficked persons are mostly told they have large debt or deprived of wages. Also, prostitution and child labor renders the generation of adults futile, driven by mental illness and trauma attained by their past abusers.