Defining Gender Wage Inequality in the United States Based on Real Figures
For the past years, women in the United States have already made a lot of progress on attaining equal rights in relation to men. However, recent reports have been suggesting woman under 40 are experiencing gender wage inequality. This article will emphasize the differences in pay between the sexes in the United States at present.
Looking at national polls, about 75 percent of respondents believed that the country is doing its best efforts to reach gender equality, but 70 percent still claim that it is unlikely for a woman to be considered for leadership roles. Almost 69 percent of respondents suggest that women are paid less than men on the same survey.
Understanding Wage Gap
There are many ways to give “equal pay” a definition as gender wage gap can be measured within a certain organization. The difference in women’s and men’s median earnings is called the “pay gap”. It is mostly reported as an actual pay gap or earnings ratio between women and men. The gap can be further explained through components that are difficult to measure
Gender wage inequality figures come from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the U.S. Census Bureau, and the U.S. Department of Education. These federal agencies are gathering measurable factors such as geography, tenure in the position, age, and the number of subordinates.
Earnings Gap and Women in the U.S.
According to National Partnership for Women & Families, the annual earnings of a woman with a full-time job is roughly $41,554, while the earnings of man are $51,640. In total, this states that American women are paid 80 cents for every dollar to men. This amounts to a gender pay gap of $10,086 per year, which can be much bigger if broken by educational attainment, occupation, ethnicity, and age.
Women are already taking big steps in increasing their levels of education thanks to decrease in structural barriers. Weekly earnings of women with a bachelor’s degree were 2.5 percent time higher than women who have not completed high school. Yet, a 2015 study still shows men with high school diploma have higher earnings than college-educated women.
Women are also more likely to live in poverty than men at every age. However, the disparity is greatest for a woman aged 65 and older. Not because they have lower earnings than men, but a woman’s lifespan is given to be longer and have higher medical expenses than men.
Weekly earnings among women of different races are also a factor. Asian, non-Hispanic, and White women earn more than Hispanics and Black women in America. Still, women of all races have lower earnings than their male counterparts.
Gender Itself Is Not Actually A Factor
Feminists in the U.S. are giving emphasis on the idea that gender plays a huge role in the determining the wage gap and sex discrimination is the root cause of this discrepancy in earnings between men and women. Regardless of that, there are several arguments suggesting other more factors that play.
According to Carol Gilligan’s book “In a Different Voice. 2003”, there is actually enduring gender wage inequality based on different fields that shape the perceived roles of both sexes. Both have different ways of approaching problems and it doesn’t mean that men are superior to women.
Wage data in the USA